(Syllabus) Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET) Syllabus & Paper : Geography

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Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET)-2010

Syllabus and  Sample Questions: Geography (Paper-II)

Unit-1

Geomorphology : Fundamental concepts : End genetic and Exogenesis forces Denudation and weathering: Geosynclines, continental drift and plate tectonics: Concept of geomorphic cycle; Landforms associated with fluvial. glacial, arid, coastal and karst cycles.

Unit-2

Climatologic : Composition and structure of the atmosphere; Heat budget of the earth: Distribution of temperature; Atmospheric pressure and general circulation of winds; Monsoon and jet stream; Tropical and temperate cyclones; Classification of world climates; Koppen's and Thornthwaite's schemes.

Unit-3

(A) Oceanography : Ocean deposits; Coral reefs; Temperature and salinity of the oceans: Density of sea water; Tides and ocean currents.

(B) Bio-Geography : World distribution of plants and animals; Forms and functions of ecosystem; Conservation and management of ecosystems; problems of  pollution.

Unit-4

Geographic Thought : General character of geographic knowledge during the ancient, and medieval period; Foundations of modern geography; Determinism and possibilism; Areal differentiation and spatial organisation.

Unit-5

(A) Population Geography : Patterns of world distribution; Growth and density of population; Patterns and processes of migration; Demographic transition.

(B) Settlement Geography : Site, situation, types, size,spacing and internal morphology of rural and urban settlements; City-region; Primate city; Rank-size rule; Settlement hierarchy; Christaller's Central Place theory; August Losch's theory of market centers.

Unit-6

Economic Geography : Sectors of economy : primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary; Natural resources : renewable and non-renewable.

(A) Measurement of agricultural productivity and efficiency; Crop combination and diversification; Von Thunes's model.

(B) Classification of industries : Weber's and Losch's approaches; Resources based and footloose industries.

(C) Models of transportation and transport cost : Accessibility and connectivity.

Unit-7

(A) Political Geography : Heartland and Rimland theories; Boundaries and frontiers.

(B) Social Geography : Ethnicity; tribe; dialect, language, caste and religion; Concept of social wellbeing.

(C) Cultural Geography : Culture areas and cultural regions; Human races; Habitat, economy and society of tribal groups.

Unit-8

Regional Planning : Regional concept in geography; Concept of planning regions; Types of regions; Methods of regional delineation; Regional planning in India; Indicators of development; Regional imbalances.

Unit-9

Geography of India : Physiographic divisions; Climate ; its regional variations; Vegetation types and vegetation regions; Major soil types; Irrigation and agriculture; Population distribution and growth; Settlement patterns; Mineral and power resources; Major industries and industrial regions.

Unit-10

(A) Cartography : Types of maps : Techniques for the study of spatial patterns of distribution: Chloroplast; Isopleths and Chorochromatic maps and pie diagrams; Mapping of location-specific data: Accessibility and flow maps. Remote sensing and computer application in mapping; Digital mapping; Geographic Information System (GIS).

(B) Statistical Methods : Data sources and types of data; Frequency distribution and cumulative frequency; Measures of central tendency; Selection of class intervals for mapping; Measures of dispersion and concentration; Standard deviation; Lorenz curve; Methods of measuring association among different attributes; Simple and multiple correlation; Regression. Nearest-neighbors analysis; Scaling techniques; Rank score; Weighted score; Sampling techniques for geographical analysis.

Paper-III

Unit-1

Geomorphology : Fundamental Concepts; Factors controlling landform development; Endogenetic and Exogenesis forces; Denudation process ; weathering and erosion; Geosynclines. mountain building. continental drift and plate tectonics; Concept of Geomorphic Cycle; Landforms associated with fluvial. glacial, arid. coastal and karst cycles. Slope forms and processes; Environmental and Applied Geomorphology.

Unit-2

Climatology : Composition and structure of the atmosphere ; Isolation; Heat budget of the earth; Distribution of temperature. atmospheric pressure and general circulation of winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Stability and instability of the atmosphere; Air-masses ; Fronts, temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Classification of world climates; Koppen's and Thornthwaite's schemes; Hydrological Cycle; Global warming.

Unit-3

(A) Oceanography : Origin of ocean basins; Bottom relief of Indian, Atlantic and pacific Oceans; Ocean deposits; Coral reefs; Temperature and salinity of Oceans; Density of sea water; Tides and ocean currents; Seal-level changes.

(B) Bio-Geography : Physical factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Forms and functions of ecosystem : Forest, grassland. marine and mountain ecosystem; Bio-diversity and its depletion through natural and main-induced causes; Conservation and management of ecosystems; Environmental hazards and problems of pollution; Ozone depletion.

Unit-4

History of Geographic Thought : General character of geographic knowledge during the ancient, and medieval period; Foundations of modern geography : Contribution of German, French, British and American schools; Conceptual and methodological developments during the 20th century; Changing paradigms; man and environment, determinism and possibilism, areal differentiation and spatial organisation; Quantitative revolution; Impact of positivism. humanism, radicalism and behaviouralism in geography.

Unit-5

(A) Population Geography : Nature; scope, subject matter and recent trends : patterns of world distribution, growth and density of population; Policy issues; Patterns and processes of migration; Demographic transition; population-resource regions.

(B) Settlement Geography : Site, situation, types, size, spacing and internal morphology of rural and urban settlements. Ecological processes of urban growth; Urban fringe, City-region; Settlement systems; Primate city; Rank-size rule; Settlement hierarchy; Christaller's Central Place theory; August Losch's theory of market centres.

Unit-6

Economic Geography : Location of economic activities and spatial organization of economies; Classification of economies; Sectors of economy : primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary; Natural resources : Renewable and non-renewable; Conservation of resources.

(A) Agricultural Geography : Concept and techniques of delimitation of agricultural regions; Measurement of agricultural productivity and efficiency; Crop combinations and diversification; Von Thunen's model; Agricultural systems of the world.

(B) Industrial Geography : Classification of industries : Weber's and Losch's approaches; Resource based and footloose industries.

(C) Geography of Transport and Trade : Models of transportation and transport cost; Accessibility and connectivity : Inter-regional and Intraregional : Comparative cost advantages.

Unit-7

(A) Political Geography : Definition and scope of Political Geography; Geopolitics; Global strategic views (Heartland and Rimland theories); Concept of nation, state and nation-state; Boundaries and forntiers; Politics of world resources; Geography and Federalism.

(B) Social Geography : Nature and scope of social geography; Social structure and social processes; Elements of Social Geography—ethnicity, tribe, dialect, language, caste and religion; Concept of Social well-being.

(C) Cultural Geography : Nature and scope of cultural geography; Environment and culture; Concept of culture-areas and cultural regions; Theories of tribal groups; Dwelling places as cultural expressions.

Unit-8

Regional Planning : Regional concept in Geography; its application to planning; Concept of planning region; Regional hierarchy; Types of regions and methods of regional delineation; Conceptual and theoretical framework of regional planning; Regional planning in India : Concept of development; Indicators of development; Regional imbalances.

Unit-9

Geography of India : Physiographic divisions; Climate : its regional variations; Vegetation types and vegetation regions; Major soil types; Coastal and Marine resources; Water resources; Irrigation; Agriculture; Agroclimatic regions; Mineral and power resources; Major industries and industrial regions; Population distribution and growth; Settlement patterns; Regional disparities in social and economic development.

Unit-10

(A) Cartography : Map as a tool in geographical studies; Types of maps : Techniques for the study of spatial patterns of distribution : Single purpose and composite maps; Choropleth; Isopleth and Chorochromatic maps and pie diagrams; Mapping of location-specific data; Accessibility and flow maps. Remote sensing and computer application in mapping; Digital mapping; Geographic Information System (GIS) : Thematic maps.

(B) Statistical Methods : Data sources and types of data; Statistical diagrams; Study of frequency distribution and cumulative frequency; Measures of central tendency; Selection of class intervals for mapping; Measures of dispersion and concentration; Standard deviation; Lorenz curve; Methods of measuring association among different attributes; simple and multiple correlation; Regression. Measurement of spatial patterns of distribution; Nearest-neighbors analysis; Scaling techniques, rank score, weighted score; Sampling techniques for geographical analysis.

Sample Questions: Papers II

Objective type :

1. Agricultural productivity is higher in Punjab basically due to

(1) high degree of irrigation

(2) high degree of electrification

(3) provision of fertilizers

(4) provision of hybrid seeds

2. Social well-being is concerned with

(1) Growth in per capita income

(2) Expansion of transports network

(3) Development of education and health care

(4) Promotion of subsidy