(Syllabus) Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET) Syllabus & Paper : Public Administration

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Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET)-2010

Syllabus & Sample  Questions: (Public Administration Paper-II)

1. Theory of Public Administration

Public administration-Meaning, Nature and Scope, Public and Private Administration. New Public Administration. New Public Management. Administrative Thinkers-Kautilya, Woodrow Wilson, Gullick and Urwick, Max Weber, F. W. Taylor, Henry Fayol, M. P. Follet, Elton Mayo, C. I. Barnard, Herbert Simon, D. H. McGregor, Abraham Maslow, Herzberg, Chris Argyris and Fred Riggs. Theories-Classical, Human Relations, Bureaucratic Public Choice and Principal-Agent relationship. Approaches to the study of Public Administration-Scientific Management, Behavioral, Systems, Structural-Functional. Decision making, Public Policy and Marxian. Organization-Bases of Organization. Formal and informal; Principles of Organization-Hierarchy, Span of Control, Unity of Command, Delegation, Decentralization and Coordination; Line Staff Agencies. Leadership, Motivation and Communication.

2. Comparative Public Administration

Comparative Public Administration-Nature of Scope. Theories and Models of Comparative Public Administration-Contributions of Fred Riggs. Montgomery and Ferrell Heady. A Comparative Study of the Administration, Institutions and Processes in U.K., U.S.A. and India. Various Control Mechanisms over Administration in U.K., U.S.A and India. Citizen and Administration-Machinery for redressal of citizen’s grievances in U.K., U.S.A.and India.

3. Development Administration

Development Administration-Meaning, Nature and Scope Concept of Development Administration; Development Administration and Traditional Administration; Characteristics of Administration in Developed and Developing Countries. Public and Private Sectors and their Administration. Planning-Projects and Plan Formulation, Plan Implementation and Evaluation. Bureaucracy and Development Administration-Role of Bureaucracy in Plan Formulation and its Implementation Development Administration-Interactions among Bureaucrats, Politicians, Technocrats, Social Scientists, Educationists and Journalists. People’s Participation in Development. International Aid and Technical Assistance programmes-IMF, IBRD, WTO.

4. Indian Administration

Administrative Legacies at the time of Independence-Civil Services; District and Revenue Administration. Organization of Government at Center level-Organization of Secretariat. Ministries and Departments, Cabinet Secretariat, P.M.O. Organization of Government at State level-Secretariat, Role of Chief Secretary. Organization of Ministries, Departments and Directorates. Personnel Administration-Classification of Services. Recruitment, Recruitment Agencies- U.P.S.C. and State Public Service Commissions, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale, Staff Associations. Employer-Employee Relations. Financial Administration-Budget, Enactment of the Budget, Finance Ministry and its Role, Audit and Accounts, Comptroller and Auditor-General. Plans-Five Year Plans, Formulation of Plans, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Plan implementation.Centre-State Relations-Legislative. Administrative and Financial, Finance Commission. Control over Administration Legislative, Executive and Judicial control, Transparency, Accountability and Administrative Responsiveness. District Administration-Organization of District Administration. Role of District Collector in Development, Local Government-Rural and Urban.Panchayati Raj Institutions and their Role in Development. Citizen and Administration-Lokpal and Lokayukta. Delegated Legislation and Administrative Adjudication. Administrative Reforms in India since Independence.

5. Research Methodology

Types of Research. Identification of Problem and Preparation of Research Design. Research Methods in Social Sciences. Hypothesis. Sampling-Various Sampling Procedures. Tools of Data Collection-Questionnaire, Interview, Content Analysis. Processing of Data. Measures of Central Tendency-Mean, Mode and Median. Report Writing.

6. Social and Economic Administration

Meaning, Nature and Scope of Social Welfare and Social Justice. Central Social Welfare Board and State Social Welfare Boards. Major Social Sectors-Health and Education. Industrial Policy Resolutions and Growth of Public Sector in India. Public Sector-Features, Problems of Management, Accountability and Autonomy. New Economic Policy Liberalisation-Privatisation and Globalizations.

7. Local Governments-Rural and Urban

Meaning, Nature and Scope of Local Governments. Major Features and Structures of Local Government in U.K., U.S.A., France and India. 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in India. Functions and Role of Local Governments in India. State-Local Relations in India.

Paper-III (A) (Core Group)

Unit-I

Public Administration-Meaning, Nature and Scope, Public and Private Administration, New Public Administration. New Public Management.

Unit-II

Organization-Bases of Organization-Formal and Informal. Principles of Organization. Hierarchy, Span of Control. Unity of Command. Delegation. Decentralization. Co-ordination and Line & Staff Agencies.

Unit-III

Administrative Thinkers-Kautilya, Woodrow Wilson, Luther Gullick and Lyndall Urwick, Max Weber. F. W. Taylor. Henry Fayol, M. P. Follet, Elton Mayo, Chester Barnard, Herbert Simon, D. H. McGregor, Abraham Maslow. Frederick Herzberg and Chris Argyris.

Unit-IV

Theories and Models of Comparative Public Administration-Contributions of Fred Riggs, Montgomery and Ferrell Heady. A Comparative Study of the Administration, Institutions and Processes in U.K., U.S.A and India.

Unit-V

Development Administration-Meaning, Nature and Scope. Concept of Development Administration, Development Administration and Traditional Administration, Characteristics of Administration in Developed and Developing Countries. Bureaucracy and Development Administration.

Unit-VI

Indian Administration-Organization of the Union Government-Central Secretariat, Ministries and Departments, Cabinet Secretariat, P.M.O. Organization of the State Government-Secretariat. Role of Chief Secretary, Organization of Departments and Directorates.

Unit-VII

Personnel Administration-Classification of Services Recruitment, Recruitment Agencies-U.P.S.C. and State Public Service Commissions, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale, Staff Associations, Employer-Employee Relations. Financial Administration-Budget-Meaning, Preparation and Enactment, Finance Ministry and its Role, Audit and Accounts, Comptroller and Auditor General.

Unit-VIII

Research Methodology-Research Methods in Social Sciences. Types of Research, Sampling, Tools of Data Collection.

Unit-IX

Structure of District Administration, Role of District Collector, Local Government-Rural and Urban : Structure, Functions and Role, Finances; State-Local Relations.

Unit-X

Social and Economic Administration-The Concept of Social Welfare. Social Justices and Social Change. The Concepts of Liberalization. Privatization and Globalizations-The new Economic Policy. Role of Voluntary and Non-governmental Agencies in Socio-economic Development.

Papers -III (B) (Elective/Optional)

Elective-I

Public Policy-Meaning, Types and Significance. Approaches to Public Policy. Institutional Arrangements for Policy-making. Policy-making Process, Policy Implementation. Policy Education, Policy Monitoring and Evaluation. Policy Analysis.

Elective-II

Concepts of Social Welfare. Social Justice and Social Change. Organizational Structure for Social Justice Administration-Central Social Welfare Board, State Social Welfare Boards, Role of N.G.O.s and Voluntary Organizations, State Departments of Social Welfare and the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Reservation Policy. Major Social Sectors-Health and Education.

Elective-III

Economic Policy in India since Independence. Concept of Mixed Economy. Industrial Policy Resolutions and Growth of Public Enterprises in India. Public Enterprises-Features, Problems of Management, Accountability and Autonomy. Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation. Disinvestments Policy-The New economic Policy.

Elective-IV

Local Self-Government-Meaning, Nature and Scope.73rd and 74th Consittutional Amendments in India. Organization and Functions. Finances. State and Local Government Relations. Challenges before the Local Self-Government.

Elective-V

Concept of Rural Development, Approaches to Rural Development, Community Development, Area Development, Integrated Rural Development, Centralization and Decentralization, Role of Cooperatives. Process of Urbanization, Urban Development Infrastructure, Housing, Water Supply, Sewerage, Environment, Transport. Master Plan, Nation Capital Region, Development Authorities, Slums.

Sample Questions: Paper-II

1. Which of the following statements about the meaning of Public administration is correct ?

(A) It is an individual effort directed towards the realization of a consciously laid down objective.

(B) According to Pfeiffer and Presthus, administration is the organization and direction of human and material resources to obtain the results which may not be clearly defined.

(C) According to John A. Vieg, administration is determined, action taken in pursuit of conscious purpose.

(D) Public administration is not concerned with subject of intellectual study and inquiry.

 

2. Which of the following are the common features of comparative administration and comparative politics as stated by Ferrell Heady and Sybil L. Stokes ?

(1) Comparative youth of their participants.

(2) Effort to arrive at concepts and theories that are timely universal.

(3) Effort to be inter-disciplinary in interests and techniques.

(4) General commitment to the outlook identified with behaviouralism.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(A) 1, 2, and 3

(B) 2, 3 and 4

(C) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(D) 1, 2 and 4