(Syllabus) Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET) Syllabus & Paper : Sociology

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Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET)

Syllabus & Sample Questions : Sociology : Paper-II

A : Sociological Concepts:

1. Nature of Sociologies

  • Definition

  • Sociological Perspective

2. Basic Concepts

  • Community

  • Institution

  • Association

  • Culture

  • Norms and Values

3. Social Structure

  • Status and role, their interrelationship

  • Multiple roles, Role set, Status set, Status sequence

  • Role conflict

4. Social Group

  • Meaning

  • Types : Primary-Secondary, Formal-Informal, Ingroup-Outgroup, Reference group.

5. Social Institutions

  • Marriage

  • Family

  • Education

  • Economy

  • Polity

  • Religion

6. Socialization

  • Socialization, Remobilization, Anticipatory socialization, Adult socialization

  • Agencies of socialization

  • Theories of socialization

7. Social Stratification

  • Social differentiation, Hierarchy and Inequality

  • Forms of stratification : Caste, Class, Gender, Ethnic

  • Theories of social stratification

  • Social mobility

8. Social change

  • Concepts and Types : Evolution, Diffusion, progress, Revolsution, Transformation, Change in

  • structure and Change of structure

  • Theories : Dialectical and Cyclical

B : Sociological Theory

9. Structural

  • Nadel

  • Radcliff Brown

  • Levi-Strauss

10. Functional

  • Malinowski

  • Durkheim

  • Parsons

  • Merton

11. Interactionist

  • Social action : Max Weber, Pareto

  • Symbolic interactionism : G. H. Mead, Blumer

12. Conflict

  • Karl Marx

  • Dahrendorf

  • Coser

  • Collins

C : Methodologies

13. Meaning and Nature of Social Research

  • Nature of social phenomena

  • The scientific method

  • The problems in the study of social phenomena : Objectivity and subjectivity. fact and value

14. Quantitative Methods

  • Survey

  • Research Design and its types

  • Hypothesis

  • Sampling

  • Techniques of data collection : Observation, Questionnaire, Schedule, Interview

15. Qualitative Methods

  • Participant observation

  • Case study

  • Content analysis

  • Oral history

  • Life history

16. Statistics in Social Research

  • Measures of Central Tendency : Mean, Medician, Mode

  • Measures of dispersion

  • Correlational analysis

  • Test of significance

  • Reliability and Validity

Paper-III (A) (Core Group)

UnitI : Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology

  • Alfred Shultz, Peter Berger and Luckmann

  • Garfinkel and Goffman

UnitII : Neo-functionalism and Neo-Marxism

  • J. Alexander

  • Habermass, Althusser

Unit—III : Structuration and Post-Modernism

  • Giddens

  • Derrida

  • Foucault

Unit—IV : Conceptualising Indian Society

  • Peoples of India : Groups and Communities Unity in diversity

  • Cultural diversity : Regional, linguistic, religions and tribal

Unit—V : Theoretical Perspectives

  • Indological/Textual Perspective : G. S. Ghurye, Louis Dumont,

  • Structural-Functional Perspective : M. N. Srinivas, S. C. Dube

  • Marxian Perspective : D. P. Mukherjee, A. R. Desai

  • Civilisational Perspective : N. K. Bose, Surajit Sinha

  • Subaltern Perspective : B. R. Ambedkar, David Hardiman

Unit—VI : Contemporary Issues : Socio-cultural

  • Poverty

  • Inequality of caste and gender

  • Regional, ethnic and religious disharmonics

  • Family disharmony : (a) Domestic violence (b) Dowry (c) Divorce (d) Intergenerational conflict.

Unit—VII : Contemporary Issues : Developmental

  • Population

  • Regional disparity

  • Slums

  • Displacement

  • Ecological degradation and environmental pollution

  • Health problems

Unit—VIII : Issues Pertaining to Deviance

  • Deviance and its forms

  • Crime and delinquency

  • White collar crime and corruption

  • Changing profile of crime and criminals

  • Drug addiction

  • Suicide

Unit—IX : Current Debates

  • Tradition and Modernity in India

  • Problems of Nation Building : Secularism, Pluralism and Nation building

Unit—X : The Challenges of Globalisation

  • Indigenisation of Sociology

  • Privatisation of Education

  • Science and Technology Policy in India

Papers-III (B) (Elective/Optional)

Elective—I : Rural Sociology

  • Approaches to the study of Rural Society : Rural-Urban differences Rurbanism Peasant studies

  • Agrarian Institutions : Land ownership and its types Agrarian relations and Mode of production debate Jajmani system and Jaimani relations

  • Agrarian class structure

  • Panchayati Raj Institution : Panchayat before and after 73rd amendment Rural Leadership and Factionalism Empowerment of people

  • Social Issues and Strategies for Rural Development : Bonded and Migrant labourers Pauperization and Depeasantisation Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements

  • Rural Development and Change : Trends of changes in rural society

  • Processes of change : Migration-Rural to Urban and Rural to Rural Mobility : Social/Economic Factors of change

Elective—II : Industry and Society

  • Industrial Society in the Classical Sociological Tradition : Division of labour Bureaucracy Rationality Production relations Surplus value Alienation

  • Industry and Society : Factory as a social system Formal and informal organization Impact of social structure on industry Impact of industry on society

  • Industrial Relations : Changing profile of labour Changing labour-management relations Conciliation, adjudication, arbitration Collective bargaining Trade unions Worker’s participation in management (Joint Management Councils) Quality circles

  • Industrializations and Social Change in India : Impact of industrialization on family,, education and stratificaiton Class and class conflict in industrial society Obstacles to and limitations of industrialization

  • Industrial Planning : Industrial Policy Labor legislation Human relations in industry

Elective—III : Sociology of Development

Conceptual Perspectives on Development :

  • Economic growth

  • Human development

  • Social development

  • Sustainable development : Ecological and Social

Theories of Underdevelopment :

  • Liberal : Max Weber, Gunnar Myrdal

  • Dependency : Centre-periphery (Frank), Uneven development (Samir Amin),

  • World-system (Wallerstein)

  • Paths of Development :

  • Modernisation, Globalisation

  • Socialist

  • Mixed

  • Gandhian

Social Structure and Development :

  • Social structure as a facilitator/inhibitor

  • Development and Socio-economic disparities

  • Gender and development

  • Culture and Development :

  • Culture as an aid/impedment

  • Development and displacement of tradition

  • Dedvelopment and upsurge of ethnic movements

Elective-IV Population and Society

Theories of Population Growth :

  • Malthusian

  • Demographic transition

  • Population Growth and Distribution in India :

  • Growth of Indian population since 1901

  • Determinants of population

  • Concepts of Fertility, Mortality, Morbidity and Migration :

  • Age and Sex composition and its consequences

  • Determinants of fertility

  • Determinants of mortality, infant, child and maternal mortality

  • Morbidity rates

  • Determinants and consequences of migration

Population and Development :

  • Population as a constraint on and a resource for development

  • Socio-cultural factors affecting population growth

  • Population Control :

  • Population policy : Problems and perspectives

  • Population education

  • Measures taken for population control

Elective—V : Gender and Society

Gender as a Social Construct :

  • Models of Gendered socializations Cultural symbolism and general roles

Social Structure and Gender Inequality :

  • Patriarchy and Matriarchy Division of labour-Production and reproduction

Theories of Gender Relations :

  • Liberalist

  • Radical

  • Socialist

  • Post-modernist

Gender and Development :

  • Effect of development policies on gender relations Perspectives on gender and development-Welfares, development list Empowerment

  • Women and Development in India :Indicators of women’s status : Demographic, social, economic and cultural Special schemes and strategies for women’s development Voluntary sector and women’s development

  • Globalization and women’s development Eco-feminism

Sample Questions: Paper-II

1. Which of the following criterion was not used by Durkheim for defining social fact?

(A) Externality

(B) Values

(C) Constraints

(D) Generality

2. When the size of the population being studied is small and illiterate which of the following :tools of data collection cannot be used?

(A) Interview schedule

(B) Questionnaire

(C) Observation

(D) Case study

3. Match the following Statements with the Authors :

Statements Authors

(a) Sociology provides a clear or more adequate 1. A. Johnson understanding of a social situation

(b) Sociology attempts an interpretative under 2. R. Bierstadt standing of social action

(c) Sociology is concerned with the nature of 3. Max Weber groups

(d) Sociology is the study of social groups 4. D. Giddens

(A) a b c d
    4 3 2 1
(B) a b c d
    2 3 1 4
(C) a b c d 
    4 2 1 3 
(D) a b c d
    1 3 4 2