Syllabus) Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET) Syllabus and Paper: Political Science

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Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET)

Syllabus and Sample Questions: Political Science (Paper-II)

1. Political Theory and Thought

  • Ancient Indian Political Thought : Kautilya and Shanti Parva.

  • Greek Political Thought : Plato and Aristotle.

  • European Thought I : Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau.

  • European Thought-II : Bentham. J. S. Mill, Hegel, Marx and Green.

  • Contemporary political Thought-I : Lenin, Mao, Gramsci.

  • Contemporary Political Thought-II : Rawls, Nozic and Communitarians.

  • Modern Indian Thought : Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh, Joy Prakash, Ambedkar, Savarkar.

  • Concepts and Issue-I : Medieval Political Thought : Church State Relationship and Theory of Two Swords.

  • Concepts and Issue-II : Behaviouralism and Post- Behaviouralism, Decline and Resurgence of Political Theory.Democracy, Liberty and Equality.

2. Comparative Politics and Political Analysis

  • Evolution of comparative Politics as a discipline; Nature and scope.

  • Approaches to the study of comparative politics : Traditional, Structural-Functional, Systems and Marxist.

  • Constitutionalism : Concepts, Problems and Limitations.

  • Forms of Government : Unitary-Federal, Parliamentary-Presidential.

  • Organs of Government : Executive, Legislature, Judiciary-their interrelationship in comparative perspective.

  • Party Systems and Pressure Groups; Electoral Systems.

  • Bureaucracy-types and roles.

  • Political Development and Political Modernization.

  • Political Culture, Political Socialization and Political Communication.

  • Political Elite; Elitist theory of Democracy.

  • Power, Authority and Legitimacy.

  • Revolution : Theories and Types.

  • Dependency : Development and Under Development.

3. Indian Government and Politics

  • National Movement, Constitutional Developments and the Making of Indian Constitution.

  • Ideological Bases of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties and Directive Principles.

  • Constitution as Instrument of Socio-Economic Change, Constitutional Amendments and Review. Structure and Process-I : (+) President, Prime Minister, Council of ministers Working of the Parliamentary system.

  • Structure and Process-II : Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Legislature.

  • Panchayati Raj Institutions : Rural and Urban, their working.

  • Federalism : Theory and Practice in India; Demands of Autonomy and Separatist Movements; Emerging trends in Centre-State Relations.

  • Judiciary : Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism including Public Interest Litigation cases, Judicial Reforms.

  • Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion, Media; Subaltern and Peasant Movements. Elections, Electoral Behaviour, Election Commission and Electoral Reforms.

4. Public Administration

  • Development of Public Administration as a discipline, Approaches to the study of Public Administration : Decision-making, Ecological and Systems;

  • Development Administration.

  • Theories of organization.

  • Principles of organization : Line and staff, unity of command, hierarchy, span of control, centralization and decentralization, Types of organization-formal and informal; Forms of organization ; department, public corporation and board.

  • Chief Executive : Types, functions and roles. Personnel administration : Recruitment, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale: Employee-Employer Relations.

  • Bureaucracy : Theories, Types and Roles; Max Weber and his critics Civil servant-Minister relationship.

  • Leadership, its role in decision-making; Communication. Financial Administration : Budget, Audit, Control over Finance with special reference to India and UK.

  • Good Governance; Problems of Administrative Corruption; Transparency and Accountability; Right to Information.

  • Grievance Redressal Institutions : Ombudsman, Lokpal and Lokayukta.

5. International Relations

  • Contending Theories and Approaches to the study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Systems, Game, Communication and Decision-making.

  • Power, Interest and Ideology in International Relations; Elements of Power :Acquisition use and limitations of power, Perception, Formulation and Promotion of National Interest, Meaning, Role and Relevance of Ideology in International Relations.

  • Arms and Wars : Nature, causes and types of wars/conflicts including ethnic disputes; conventional, Nuclear/bio-chemical wars; deterrence, Arms race, Arms control and Disarmament. Peaceful settelment of disputes, conflict resolution, Diplomacy, World-order and Peace studies. Cold war, Alliances, Non-alignment, End of Cold war, Globalisation.

  • Rights and Duties of states in international law, intervention, Treaty law, prevention and abolition of war.

  • Political Economy of International Relations ; New International Economic Order, North-South Dialogue, South-South Cooperation, WTO, Neo-colonialism and Dependency. Regional and sub-regional organizations especially SAARC, ASEAN, OPEC, OAS. United

  • Nations : Aims, Objectives, Structure and Evaluation of the working of UN : Peace and Development perspectives; charter Revision; Power-struggle and Diplomacy within UN. Financing and Peace-keeping operations. India’s Role in International affairs : India’s relations with its neighbors, wars, security concerns and pacts, Mediator Role, distinguishing features of Indian Foreign Policy and Diplomacy.

Core & Elective/Optional, Paper-III (Part A & B)

Unit—I

  • Political Theory

  • Nature of Political Theory, its main concerns, decline and resurgence since 1970s

  • Liberalism and Marxism

  • Individual and Social Justice

  • Role of Ideology

  • Theories of change : Leniu, Mao, Gandhi

Unit—II

  • Political Thought

  • Plato and Aristotle

  • Machavelli

  • Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and J. S. Mill

  • Karl Marx

  • Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh

Unit—III

  • Comparative Politics and Political Analysis

  • Approaches to the study of comparative Politics

  • Constitutionalism in theory and practice

  • Executive, Legislature and Judiciary with special reference to India, USA, UK and

  • Switzerland

  • Party system and role of opposition, Electoral Process

  • Separation of Powers, Rule of Law and Judicial Review

Unit—IV

  • Political Development

  • Political Modernization

  • Political Socializations and Political Culture

  • Power and Authority

  • Political Elite

Unit—V

  • Making of the Indian Constitution

  • Fundamental Rights and Duties, and Directive Principles

  • Union Executive. Parliament

  • Supreme Court, Judicial Activism

  • Indian Federalism : Theory, Practice and Problems

Unit—VI

  • Dynamics of state politics

  • Local Governments : Rural and Urban

  • Political Parties, Pressure Groups, and Public Opinion

  • Elections, Electoral Reforms

  • Class, Caste, Gender, Dalit and Regional Issues, Problems of Nation-Building and Integration

Unit—VII

  • Growth of public Administration as a discipline: and New Public Administration Theories of

  • Organization (Classical, Scientific, Human Relations): Principles of Organization.

  • Chief Executive

  • Control over Administration-Judicial and Legislative

  • Bureaucracy

Unit—VIII

  • Development Planning and Administration in India

  • Bureaucracy and Challenges of Development

  • Administrative Culture; Administrative Corruption, and Administrative Reforms.

  • Panchayati Raj

  • Impact of Liberalization on Public Administration

Unit—IX

  • Theories of International Relations

  • Ideology, Power and Interest

  • Conflicts and Conflict-Resolution

  • Changing concept of National Security and Challenges to the Nation-State System Arms and

  • Arms-control

Unit—X

  • End of Cold War, Globalisation and Political Economy of International Relations in the

  • Contemporary World,

  • Determinants and Compulsions of India’s Foreign Policy; India’s Nuclear Policy.

  • India’s Relations with Neighbors and USA.

  • India’s Role in the UN.

  • India and Regional Organizations (SAARC, ASEAN), Indian Ocean.

Sample Questions: Paper-II

1. Voting behaviors means 

(A) The voters do not behave properly at the time of elections.

(B) Study of the factors that Influence the choice of the voters.

(C) Study of those voters who do not vote for the ruling party.

(D) Study of the phenomenon of bandwagon effect.

2. Your State Government wants to nationalize the private transport companies and create a public corporation.

Which of the following step will be the first condition for its creation ?

(A) Order of Governor for the appointment of the Chairman.

(B) Creation of a fund for the purpose.

(C) Make it a juristic personality.

(D) Pass a law defining the field of autonomy.