# Physics

Physics

## (Syllabus) WBJEE: JEM 2010 Physics

##

WEST BENGAL JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS BOARD

SYLLABUS FOR JEM

## PHYSICS

**Mechanics & General properties of matter
**(i) Units and dimensions : Units of measurement, system of units,
fundamental and derived units, S I units, dimensional analysis. Methods of
measurement: Vernier scale, screw gauge, analysis of errors, significant
figures.

(ii) Scalars and vectors: Addition, subtraction, multiplication of vectors.

(iii) Kinematics in one, two and three dimensions, projectiles, uniform circular motion,centripetal force, centrifigual force, relative velocity.

(iv) Dynamics: Newton's laws of motion; inertial frames, uniformly accelerated frame (pseudoforces), conservation of linear momentum, rocket motion, centre of mass, impulsive forces, friction.

(v) Work, Power and Energy , conservative and non-conservative forces, conservation of energy, collision(elastic and inelastic)

(vi) .Rotational motion : Torque, angular momentum and conservation of angular momentum, moment of inertia, radius of gyration, moment of inertia of objects with simple geometrical shapes, rotational kinetic energy and rolling on horizontal surface.

**Gravitation: **Laws of gravitation, gravitational field and
potential, acceleration due to gravity and its variation, escape velocity,
Kepler's laws and planetary motion, motion of satellites, Geostationary
orbit.

**Elasticity: **Hooke's law, elastic modulii, Poisson's ratio, elastic
energy.

## (Syllabus) EAMCET : Agriculture & Medicine (AM) Syllabus

## EAMCET : Agriculture & Medicine (AM) Syllabus

## Subject : BOTANY

I. INTRODUCTION: Origin, development and scope of Botany - Classification of plant kingdom - Branches of Botany: Morphology, Cytology, Embryology, Palynology, Taxonomy, Physiology, Ecology, Palaeobotany, Genetics, Phytogeography, Phycology, Mycology,Lichenology, Bryology, Pteriodology, Microbiology, Bacteriology, Virology - Parts of angiospermic plant

II. EXTERNAL MORPHOLOGY: (a)Vegetative morphology: Root: Root system; Types, Functions, Modification of roots (Velamen roots, Photosynthetic roots, Respiratory roots, Parasitic roots, Storage roots and nodular roots) - Stem: characteristics and functions of the stem; Modifications of stem: Aerial: Tendril, Thorn, Hook, Phylloclade, Restiratory roots, Tuberous stem and Bulbil; Sub-aerial: Runner, Stolon, Sucker & Offset, Underground: Rhizome, Corm, Stem tuber & Bulb - Leaf: Parts of Leaf, Types, Functions and Parts of leaves, Venation, Phyllotaxy, Leaf modifications: - tendrils, spines, scale leaves, phyllode,reproductive & trap leaves. (b)Reproductive morphology:Inflorescence: Introduction, Types of Inflorescence - Racemose, Cymose and Special Types Flower: Parts of a typical flower: Structure, Sex distribution and symmetry of flower, position of gynoecium. Detailed description of flower: Prianth, Calyx, Corolla, aestivation, Androecium – Parts, fixation and dehiscence of anther, length of stamens, union of stamens, Gynoecium – number of carpels, fusion of carples, ovary – number of locules , placentation, types of styles, Stigma

III. REPRODUCTION IN ANGIOSPERMS: Introduction – Sporophytic and Gametophytic stages - Structure of an Anther; Microsporogenesis, Structure of a pollen grain and development of male gametophyte Ovule – Structure and Types; megasporogenesis - development and structure of embryosac - Pollination: Types of pollination, self and cross-pollination, contrivances for cross pollination and self pollination, agents of cross pollination. Fertilization – Process, Post - fertilization changes; Seed structure (Dicot & Monocot), and seed germination (epigeal, hypogeal & vivipary) - Fruits: Classification; False fruits and true fruits - Simple fruits (fleshy fruits – berry, pome, pepo, hesperidium, drupe; Dry fruits – dehiscent- legume, septicidal capsule, septifragal capsule, loculicidal capsule; Indehiscent fruits – caryopsis, cypsela, nut; schizocarpic – lomentum, schizocarp); Aggregate and Multiple fruits

IV. PLANT TAXONOMY: Introduction – Alpha and Omega taxonomy; Aspects of taxonomy – Identification – Flora, herbaria, botanical gardens (RBG – Kew, IBG – Kolkata, NBG – Lucknow); Nomenclature, Classification – Types, Units and a brief account of Bentham & Hooker’s system. Study of the following families - Malvaceae - Fabaceae - Solanaceae - Liliaceae.

V. CELL BIOLOGY: Introduction, Techniques of Cell Biology – microscopy (light, electron, fluorescent, phase contrast, SEM, TEM – only uses), Separation techniques - Ultrastructure of plant cell (Eukaryotic cell - Structure of cell wall and cell membrane, Protoplasm, cytoplasm, Plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, golgi complex, lysosomes, peroxisomes and glyoxysomes, vacuoles and Nucleus). – Chromosomes - Introduction, structure (light microscopic study), classification, functions and nucleosome model) - Nucleic acids - Cell Division : Cell Cycle, Mitosis and Meiosis

VI. INTERNAL ORGANIZATION OF PLANTS: Tissues – Types (Meristematic and Permanent ) and functions - Internal structure of Dicot root (Primary) and Monocot root - Internal structure of Dicot stem (Primary) and Monocot stem - Internal structure of leaf (Dicot and Monocot) - Secondary growth in dicot stem.

## (Syllabus) EAMCET Engineering Syllabus

## EAMCET Engineering Syllabus

## Subject : MATHEMATICS

I. ALGEBRA: (a) Functions – Types of functions – Algebra of real valued functions (b) Mathematical induction and applications (c) Permutations and Combinations – linear and circular permutations – combinations.(d) Binomial theorem – for a positive integral index – for any rational index – applications – Binomial Coefficients.(e) Partial fractions (f) Exponential and logarithmic series (g) Quadratic expressions, equations and inequations in one variable.(h) Theory of equations – Relations between the roots and Coefficients in any equation – Transformation of equations – reciprocal equations.(i) Matrices and determinants – Types of matrices – Algebra of matrices – Properties of determinants – simultaneous linear equations in two and three variables – Consistency and inconsistency of simultaneous equations.(j) Complex numbers and their properties – De Moivre’s theorem – Applications – expansions of trigonometric functions.

II. TRIGONOMETRY: (a) Trigonometric functions – Graphs – periodicity (b) Trigonometric ratios of compound angles, multiple and sub-multiple angles.(c) Transformations (d) Trigonometric equations (e) Inverse trigonometric functions (f) Hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions (g) Properties of Triangles (h) Heights and distances (in twodimensional plane)

III. VECTOR ALGEBRA: (a) Algebra of vectors – angle between two non-zero vectors – linear combination of vectors – vector equation of line and plane (b) Scalar and vector product of two vectors and their applications (c) Scalar and vector triple products – Scalar and vector products of four vectors

## (Syllabus) GATE 2011 : Examination Syllabus : (Physics)

**GATE 2011 : Examination Syllabus**

## :: PH-Physics ::

## (Answer Keys) Karnataka Common Entrance Test (KCET) | Result and Answer Keys of Exam 2010

## Karnataka Common Entrance Test (KCET) | Result and Answer Keys of Exam 2010

*Karnataka Examination Authority
Common Entrance Test
Karnataka
*

Karnataka Common Entrance Test Result 2010 has been announced by Karnataka Examination authority. Answer keys are also published by Karnataka examination authority. There are four subject in Karnataka CET entrance exam - Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics

**Result: **Click on the following link to check the result

**Answer Keys: **Click on the following buttons to see the answer keys of entrance exam 2010

## (Syllabus) Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE) Physics Syllabus

## Vellore Institute of Technology
Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)

PHYSICS SYLLABUS

**ELECTROSTATICS**

Frictional electricity, charges and their conservation;
Coulomb’s law-forces between two point electric charges – Forces
between multiple electric charges-superposition principle.
Electric field – Electric field due to a point charge, electric
field lines; Electric dipole, electric field intensity due to a
dipole – behaviour of dipole in a uniform electric
field-application of electric dipole in microwave oven. Electric
potential – potential difference-electric potential due to a
point charge and due to a dipole-Equipotential surfaces –
Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges.
Electric flux-Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field
due to (i) infinitely long straight wire (ii) uniformly charged
infinite plane sheet (iii) two parallel sheets and (iv)
uniformly charged thin spherical shell (inside and outside)

Electrostatic induction-capacitor and capacitance – Dielectric
and electric polarisation – parallel plate capacitor with and
without dielectric medium – applications of capacitor – energy
stored in a capacitor – Capacitors in series and in parallel –
action of points –Lightning arrester – Van de Graaff generator.

**CURRENT ELECTRICITY**

Electric Current – flow of charges in a metallic conductor – Drift velocity and
mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohm’s law, electrical
resistance – V-I characteristics – Electrical resistivity and
conductivity-Classification of materials in terms of conductivity –
Superconductivity (elementary ideas) – Carbon resistors – colour code for carbon
resistors- Combination of resistors – series and parallel – Temperature
dependence of resistance – Internal resistance of a cell – Potential difference
and emf of a cell. Kirchoff’s law – illustration by simple circuits –
Wheatstone’s Bridge and its application for temperature coefficient of
resistance measurement – Meterbridge – Special case of Wheatstone bridge –
Potentiometer- principle – comparing the emf of two cells. Electric Power –
Chemical effect of current – Electro chemical cells – Primary (Voltaic,
Lechlanche, Daniel)-Secondary – rechargeable cell – lead acid accumulator.

**EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC CURRENT**

Heating effect – Joule’s law – Experimental verification-Thermoelectric effects
– Seebeck effect – Peltier effect – Thomson effect – Thermocouple, thermoemf,
neutral and inversion temperature-Measurement of thermo emf using potentiometer
– Thermopile. Magnetic effect of electric current – Concept of magnetic field,
Oersted’s experiment – Biot-Savart law – Magnetic field due to an infinitely
long current carrying straight wire and circular coil – Tangent galvanometer –
Construction and working – Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid – magnetic field
lines. Ampere’s circuital law and its application to straight and Toroidal
solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic field and electric field
– cyclotron – Force on current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field –
forces between two parallel current carrying conductors – definition of ampere.
Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field – moving coil
galvanometer – Conversion to ammeter and voltmeter – Current loop as a magnetic
dipole and its magnetic dipole moment – Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving
electron.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENT**

Electromagnetic induction – Faraday’s law – induced emf and current – Lenz’s
law. Self induction – Mutual induction – Self inductance of a long solenoid –
mutual inductance of two long solenoids. Methods of inducing emf – (i) by
changing magnetic induction (ii) by changing area enclosed by the coil and (iii)
by

changing the orientation of the coil (quantitative treatment). AC generator –
commercial generator. (Single phase, three phase). Eddy current – Applications –
Transformer – Long distance transmission.

Alternating current – measurement of AC-AC circuit with resistance – AC circuit
with inductor – AC circuit with capacitor – LCR series circuit – Resonance and Q
– factor – power in AC circuits.

**ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND WAVE OPTICS**

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics – Electromagnetic
spectrum-radio, microwaves, infra-red, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays.
Emission and Absorption spectrum – Line, Band and continuous spectra –
Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Theories of light – Corpuscular – Wave –
Electromagnetic and Quantum theories. Scattering of light – Rayleigh’s
scattering – Tyndal scattering – Raman effect – Raman spectrum – Blue colour of
the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Wavefront and
Huygens’s principle – Reflection, total internal reflection and refraction of
plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Interference – Young’s double
slit experiment and expression for fringe width – coherent source – interference
of light- Formation of colours in thin films – analytical treatment – Newton’s

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## (Download) Karnataka Common Entrance Test (KCET) Previous Papers & Answer Keys (2009)

## Karnataka Common Entrance Test (KCET) Previous Papers & Answer Keys (2009)

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**Papers : Chemistry, Mathematics,
Biology & Answer Keys of Year 2009**

## (Download) Karnataka Common Entrance Test (KCET) Previous Papers & Answer Keys (2008)

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**Papers : Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics,
Biology & Answer Keys of Year 2008**

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**Papers : Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics,
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**Papers : Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics,
Biology & Answer Keys of Year 2006**

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**Papers : Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics,
Biology & Answer Keys of Year 2005**

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**Papers : Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics,
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## (Download) BITSAT 2009 Exam Paper (Math, Physics, Chemistry English And Logical Reasoning)

## Download BITSAT 2009 Exam Paper (Math, Physics, Chemistry English And Logical Resoning)

**Q1. A boat takes time t to go downstream from point A to point B and time
2t to go upstream from point B to point A . If the speed of the stream is v and
the speed of the boat with respect to the stream is u , then which of the
following gives the correct relationship between u & v ?
**a) u = v

b) u = 3v

c) v = 2u

d) v=3u

**Q2. Which of the following is correct about the acceleration of a particle
describing a uniform circular motion ?
**a) The acceleration is constant both in magnitude and direction

b) The acceleration is constant in direction but not in magnitude

c) The acceleration is constant in magnitude but not in direction

d) The acceleration is neither constant in magnitude nor in direction

**Q3. Five identical resistors of resistance 1 each, are connected along the
four edges and one of the diagonals of a square. A potential difference of 1 V
is applied across the other diagonal. What will be the current in the resistor
along the diagonal ?
**a) 0.5A

b) 1 A

c) 5A

d) zero ... [..]

## (Download) Physics Model Practice Paper For AIEEE 2010

# AIEEE PHYSICS 2010

**Physics****
Model Practice Paper For AIEEE 2010**

## (Tips) IIT JEE 2010 Study Plan | Physics, Chemistry, Maths

**IIT JEE 2010 Study Plan | Physics**

IIT JEE 2010 entrance exam is to be held on coming days. So it is necessary to make the schedule of study for different subjects which will help you to prepare in suitable discipline.

**Study Plan for Photoelectric Effect and Wave- particle Duality**

**Sections of the chapter
**42.1 Photon theory of light

42.2 Photoelectric effect

42.3 Matter waves

**Day 1**

- 42.1 Photon theory of light
- 42.2 Photoelectric effect
- 42.3 Matter waves

**Day 2**

- Worked out examples 1 to 10

**Day 3**

- WOE 11 to 13
- Exercises 1 to 5

**Day 4**

- Exercises 6 to 15

**Day 5**

- Exercises 16 to 25

**Day 6**

- Exercises 26 to 35

**Day 7**

- Objective I and II, Questions for short answer

**Day 8**

- Concept review and Formula review

**Study Plan for Bohr's Model and Physics of Atom**

**Day 1**

- 43.1 Early atomic models
- 43.2 Hydrogen spectra
- 43.3 Difficulties with Rutherford Model
- 43.4 Bohr's model

**Day 2**

- Worked out examples 1 to 5
- Exercises 1 to 5

**Day 3**

- 43.5 Limitations of Bohr's model
- 43.6 The wave function of an electron
- 43.7 Quantum mechanics of the hydrogen atom

**Day 4**

- WOE 6 to 10
- Exercises 6 to 10

**Day 5**

- 43.8 Nomenclature in atomic physics
- 43.9 Laser
- WOE 11 to 15

## (Syllabus) BITSAT 2010 Syllabus | Physics

**BITSAT 2010 Syllabus | Physics**

**BITSAT 2010 Syllabus:**

The BITSAT-2010 test will be conducted on the basis of NCERT syllabus for 11th and 12th class. The detailed syllabus is given in the Annexure. Candidates may refer to the NCERT text books for the contents. A sample test will be made available to the registered candidates at the BITS website on which he/she can practice as many times as desired.

**BITSAT Online Test Syllabus**

**BITSAT 2010 Physics Syllabus**

**1. Units & Measurement**

- Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
- Dimensional Analysis
- Precision and significant figures
- Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)

**2. Kinematics**

- Properties of vectors
- Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
- Motion with constant acceleration
- Projectile motion
- Uniform circular motion
- Relative motion

**3. Newton's Laws of Motion**

- Newton's laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
- Motion on an inclined plane
- Motion of blocks with pulley systems
- Circular motion - centripetal force
- Inertial and non-inertial frames

**4. Impulse and Momentum**

- Definition of impulse and momentum
- Conservation of momentum
- Collisions
- Momentum of a system of particles
- Center of mass

**5. Work and Energy**

- Work done by a force
- Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
- Power
- Conservative forces and potential energy
- Conservation of mechanical energy

**6. Rotational Motion**

- Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
- Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
- Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy6.4 Torque and angular momentum
- Conservation of angular momentum
- Rolling motion

**7. Gravitation**

- Newton's law of gravitation
- Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
- Motion of planets - Kepler's laws, satellite motion

**8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids**

- Elasticity
- Pressure, density and Archimedes' principle
- Viscosity and Surface Tension
- Bernoulli's theorem

## (Download) Graduate Record Examination (GRE) | Study Material and Sample Papers for Preparation

## Graduate Record Examination | Study Material and Sample Papers for Preparetion

**Description : **Following are some study material and sample papers for the preparation of Graduate record examination. Each practice book contains full length test, answer keys, test taking strategies.

## (Entrance) Joint Entrance Screening Test | Integrated PhD Program in Physics 2010

### Joint Entrance Screening Test | Integrated PhD Program in Physics 2010

**Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) 2010**

**Ph.D/Integrated Ph.D Programmes in Physics Admissions 2010**

Applications can be submitted online from 16th November 2009, for the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) 2010, for admission to the Ph.D/Integrated Ph.D Programmes in Physics (including various inter-disciplinary areas) / Theoretical Computer Science in any of the participating institutions.

**The participating institutions are listed below.**

(i) Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital

(ii) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai

(iii) Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (CBS), Mumbai

(iv) Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), Mumbai

(v) The Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), Allahabad

(vi) Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam

(vii) Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Bangalore

## (Syllabus) JEE 2010 Exam: Physics Syllabus

**Syllabus for JEE-2010 Physics**

**General: **Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis;
least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for
physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based
on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using
simple pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method, Specific heat of a liquid
using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v
method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm’s law using
voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using
meter bridge and post office box.

**Mechanics:** Kinematics in one and two dimensions
(Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform Circular motion; Relative
velocity.

Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy.

Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.

Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field;
Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular
orbits; Escape velocity.

Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment
of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum;
Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed
axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres;
Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Linear
and angular simple harmonic motions.

Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus.