Syllabus

Syllabus

GATE 2011 : Examination Syllabus

:: MA-Mathematics ::

Linear Algebra: Finite dimensional vector spaces; Linear transformations and their matrix representations, rank; systems of

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GATE 2011 : Examination Syllabus

:: IT -Information Technology ::

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Mathematical Logic: Propositional Logic; First Order Logic.

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GATE 2011 : Examination Syllabus

:: CS-Computer Science and Engineering ::

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Mathematical Logic: Propositional Logic; First Order Logic.

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GATE 2011 : Examination Syllabus

:: CH-Chemical Engineering ::

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.

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Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)

MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS

MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:
Types of matrices, addition and multiplication of matrices-Properties, computation of inverses, solution of system of linear equations by matrix inversion method. Rank of a Matrix – Elementary transformation on a matrix, consistency of a system of linear equations, Cramer’s rule, Non-homogeneous equations, homogeneous linear system, rank method.

THEORY OF EQUATIONS, SEQUENCE AND SERIES
Quadratic equations – Relation between roots and coefficients – Nature of roots – Symmetric functions of roots – Diminishing and Increasing of roots – Reciprocal equations. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic Progressions-Relation between A.M., G. M ., and H.M. Special series: Binomial, Exponential and Logarithmic series – Summation of Series.
VECTOR ALGEBRA
Scalar Product – Angle between two vectors, properties of scalar product, applications of dot products. Vector Product – Right handed and left handed systems, properties of vector product, applications of cross product. Product of three vectors – Scalar triple product, properties of scalar triple product, vector triple product, vector product of four vectors, scalar product of four vectors. Lines – Equation of a straight line passing through a given point and parallel to a given vector, passing through two given points, angle between two lines. Skew lines – Shortest distance between two lines, condition for
two lines to intersect, point of intersection, collinearity of three points. Planes – Equation of a plane, passing through a given point and perpendicular to a vector, given the distance from the origin and unit normal, passing through a given point and parallel to two given vectors, passing through two given points and parallel to a given vector, passing through three given non-collinear points, passing through the line of intersection of two given planes, the distance between a point and a plane, the plane which contains two given lines, angle between two given planes, angle between a line and a plane. Sphere – Equation of the sphere whose centre and radius are given, equation of a sphere when the extremities of the diameter are given.

COMPLEX NUMBERS & TRIGONOMETRY:
Complex number system, conjugate – properties, ordered pair representation. Modulus – properties, geometrical representation meaning, polar form principal value, conjugate, sum, difference, product quotient, vector interpretation, solutions of polynomial equations, De Moivre’s theorem and its applications. Roots of a complex number – nth roots, cube roots, fourth roots. Angle measures-
Circular function-Trigonometrical ratios of related angles – Addition formula and their applications – Trigonometric equations – Inverse trigonometric functions-Properties and solutions

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Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)
PHYSICS SYLLABUS

ELECTROSTATICS
Frictional electricity, charges and their conservation; Coulomb’s law-forces between two point electric charges – Forces between multiple electric charges-superposition principle. Electric field – Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; Electric dipole, electric field intensity due to a dipole – behaviour of dipole in a uniform electric field-application of electric dipole in microwave oven. Electric potential – potential difference-electric potential due to a point charge and due to a dipole-Equipotential surfaces – Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges. Electric flux-Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to (i) infinitely long straight wire (ii) uniformly charged infinite plane sheet (iii) two parallel sheets and (iv) uniformly charged thin spherical shell (inside and outside)
Electrostatic induction-capacitor and capacitance – Dielectric and electric polarisation – parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium – applications of capacitor – energy stored in a capacitor – Capacitors in series and in parallel – action of points –Lightning arrester – Van de Graaff generator.

CURRENT ELECTRICITY
Electric Current – flow of charges in a metallic conductor – Drift velocity and mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohm’s law, electrical resistance – V-I characteristics – Electrical resistivity and conductivity-Classification of materials in terms of conductivity – Superconductivity (elementary ideas) – Carbon resistors – colour code for carbon resistors- Combination of resistors – series and parallel – Temperature dependence of resistance – Internal resistance of a cell – Potential difference and emf of a cell. Kirchoff’s law – illustration by simple circuits – Wheatstone’s Bridge and its application for temperature coefficient of resistance measurement – Meterbridge – Special case of Wheatstone bridge – Potentiometer- principle – comparing the emf of two cells. Electric Power – Chemical effect of current – Electro chemical cells – Primary (Voltaic, Lechlanche, Daniel)-Secondary – rechargeable cell – lead acid accumulator.

EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC CURRENT
Heating effect – Joule’s law – Experimental verification-Thermoelectric effects – Seebeck effect – Peltier effect – Thomson effect – Thermocouple, thermoemf, neutral and inversion temperature-Measurement of thermo emf using potentiometer – Thermopile. Magnetic effect of electric current – Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment – Biot-Savart law – Magnetic field due to an infinitely long current carrying straight wire and circular coil – Tangent galvanometer – Construction and working – Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid – magnetic field lines. Ampere’s circuital law and its application to straight and Toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic field and electric field – cyclotron – Force on current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field – forces between two parallel current carrying conductors – definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field – moving coil galvanometer – Conversion to ammeter and voltmeter – Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment – Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.

ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENT
Electromagnetic induction – Faraday’s law – induced emf and current – Lenz’s law. Self induction – Mutual induction – Self inductance of a long solenoid – mutual inductance of two long solenoids. Methods of inducing emf – (i) by changing magnetic induction (ii) by changing area enclosed by the coil and (iii) by
changing the orientation of the coil (quantitative treatment). AC generator – commercial generator. (Single phase, three phase). Eddy current – Applications – Transformer – Long distance transmission.
Alternating current – measurement of AC-AC circuit with resistance – AC circuit with inductor – AC circuit with capacitor – LCR series circuit – Resonance and Q – factor – power in AC circuits.

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND WAVE OPTICS
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics – Electromagnetic spectrum-radio, microwaves, infra-red, visible, ultraviolet, X rays, gamma rays. Emission and Absorption spectrum – Line, Band and continuous spectra – Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Theories of light – Corpuscular – Wave – Electromagnetic and Quantum theories. Scattering of light – Rayleigh’s scattering – Tyndal scattering – Raman effect – Raman spectrum – Blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Wavefront and Huygens’s principle – Reflection, total internal reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Interference – Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width – coherent source – interference of light- Formation of colours in thin films – analytical treatment – Newton’s

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Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)
CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS

d AND f-BLOCK ELEMENTS
General Characteristics of d-block elements. Occurrence and principles of extraction: Copper, Silver and Zinc. Preparation, properties of 3 , 4 AgNO CuSO and 7 2 2 O Cr K and 4 KMnO .
Lanthanides-Introduction, oxidation state-Chemical reactivity, Lanthanide contraction, uses and brief
comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides. Nuclear energy, Nuclear fission and fusion-Radio carbon dating – Nuclear reaction in sun – Uses of radioactive Isotopes.
COORDINATION CHEMISTRY
Introduction – Terminology in coordination chemistry – IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds – Isomerism in coordination compounds – structural isomerism – Geometrical isomerism in 4-coordinate, 6-coordinate complexes – Theories on coordination compounds – Werner’s theory (brief) – Valence Bond theory – Uses of coordination compounds – Biocoordination compounds (Haemoglobin and chlorophyll).

SOLID STATE
Unit cell, X-Ray crystal structure – Types of ionic crystals – Imperfections in solids – Electrical Property – Amorphous solid (elementary ideas only).

THERMODYNAMICS
I and II law of thermodynamics – Spontaneous and non spontaneous processes – entropy – Gibb’s free energy – Free energy change and chemical equilibrium – Third law of thermodynamics.

CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM AND CHEMICAL KINETICS
Applications of law of mass action – Le Chatlier’s principle. Rate expression and order of a reaction, zero order, first order and pseudo first order reaction – half life period, determination of rate constant/order of reaction Temperature dependence of rate constant – Arrhenius equation, activation energy.

ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Theory of electrical conductance – Theory of strong electrolytes – Faraday’s laws of electrolysis – Specific resistance, specific conductance, equivalent and molar conductance – Variation of

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Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)
BIOLOGY SYLLABUS

TAXONOMY OF LIVING ORGANISMS
Linnaeus and binomial nomenclature – history and types of classification – status of bacteria and viruses – botanical garden and herbaria – zoological parks and museums and economical and cultural importance – salient features of various plant groups – classification of angiosperms up to series level (Bentham and Hooker’s system) – salient features of nonchordates upto phylum level and chordates up to class level.

EVOLUTION
Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Lamarkism, Neo-Lamarkism – modern concepts of natural selection – theories and evidences of evolution (fossil record and biochemical evidences) – sources of variation, mutation, recombination, genetic drift, migration, natural selection – origin and concepts of species: speciation and isolation (geographical and reproductive).

CELL BIOLOGY
Cell theory (Schelieden and Schwann) – Discovery of cell and cell as a self contained unit – prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and their ultrastructures– unicellular and multicellular organisms – tools and techniques used in cell biology – compound microscope and electron microscope – cell division: amitosis, mitosis and meiosis.

GENETICS
Heredity and variation – Mendel’s laws of inheritance – chromosomal basis of inheritance – linkage and crossing over – mutation and chromosomal aberration – sex linked inheritance – Karyotyping analysis – chromosomal mapping – DNA as a genetic material: structure, replication – RNA structure and types – genetic diversity.

MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY
Introduction and history of microbiology – Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Robert Koch, Lister – Virology: structure, genetics, culture and diseases – bacteriology: structure, genetics and diseases – Protozoan microbiology – pathogenecity of microorganisms – antimicrobial resistance and chemotherapy – innate immunity – lymphoid organs, thymus – T-cells, Bcells ; immunoglobins structure – transplantation and types – immune system disorders.

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
Morphology of root, leaf, stem, flowers and their modifications – tissue and tissue systems – anatomy of mono and dicot roots, leaves and stems – secondary growth – Photosynthesis: light and dark reactions, C3 and C4 plants – Photophosphorylation: cyclic and noncyclic – photorespiration – transpiration – types and modes of nutrition – mechanism of respiration – glycolysis – Kreb’s cycle – anaerobic pathway – compensation point and fermentation – respiratory quotient (RQ).

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
Nutrition: Digestion, Body-mass ratio, calorie value (ICMR standards), balanced diet, obesity –respiration: inspiration, expiration, exchange of gases, process

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