(Info) General Introduction to Engineering Career

General Introduction to Engineering Career

An Evergreen Career
The growth of commerce and technology has thrown open lots of jobs in India and outside for competent engineers. Over the past few years recruitment of engineers by MNCs both IT and Manufacturing has increased with increased salaries. The career scope depends on the Institute that the student studied from and the branch of engineering. The objective of this booklet is to help you understand these issues better.

Branches in Engineering

1.Agriculture Engineering

Principles of engineering and technology related to production, Processing, transportation and storage of agricultural commodities. Opportunities are available in Central and state Government Departments of agriculture and agriculture engineering, agro-industries and minor irrigation corporations , watershed management and command area development projects , agriculture machinery manufacturing organizations , tea gardens, FCI, ICAR, CSIR etc. 

2.Aerospace Engineering

The aerospace engineer deals with the design, analysis, construction, testing and operation of aircraft.The course is offered at IIT Chennai, Mumbai, Kanpur and Kharagpur. Admission for all these courses is through IIT-JEE conducted by IITs

3.Aeronautical Engineering

This is about maintenance of aircraft. Students who have passed class XII with physics and Maths can enroll for a three-year program. There are lots of institutes offering this program.

4.Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology

 Opportunities are available in R & D, academia, process industries and in particular, management of a large range of industries such as pharmaceutical drug fermentation and production of high value chemicals.

5.Ceramic Engineering

Industries producing refractories, iron steel, glass, cement, porcelain, enamels and special ceramic and also several R & D labs and Defence establishments offer employment.

6.Chemical Engineering
This deals with Petroleum refining, fertilizer technology, processing of food and agriculture products, synthetic food, petrochemicals, synthetic fibres, coal and mineral based industries and prevention and control of environmental pollution. Lot of opportunities exist for chemical engineers both in public and private sectors in the design, development, fabrication, production and control of chemical and processing plants. 

7.Civil Engineering

A civil engineer is concerned with the creation of constructed facilities .The skills involve planning, analysis, design, construction and maintenance of a variety of facilities such as buildings, highway and rail-roads, water-ways and canals, dams and power houses, water treatment and sewage disposal system, docks and harbours, bridges and tunnels. 

8.Computer Science Engineering

Design and construction of computers and development of computer programmes and computer based information and control systems. Career opportunities are available in computer system design and manufacturing industries, management services and data processing departments of modern industries, management consultancy originations which develop computer programmes for industries and export software, organization developing system models and application programmer for computer controlled systems in petroleum and chemical industry, etc. are available.

9. Electrical, Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering

Broad disciplines are electrical power engineering and electronics engineering. The former is concerned with the generation, distribution and use of electrical power and power control and instrumentation applications. The latter deals with the application of electronics in the processing of the formation in the fields of communication and control system, electronic computers, industrial electronics and instrumentation. 

10.Energy Engineering

This deals with energy issues and other related problems. Employment in industries and organizations concerned with the design, development and manufacture of equipment for economic and optimal exploitation of current energy technology, energy planning and management and technology transfer is offered to the energy engineer.

11.Industrial Engineering

Deals with design, improvement and installation of integrated systems of men , materials, machines, energy and information.

12.Instrumentation Engineering

This deals with Design, construction and maintenance of instrumentation and instrumentation systems. Employment is available in industries such as steel plants, fertilizer units, refineries, power stations, research & development units of Defence and Government of India establishments.

13.Manufacturing Science & Engineering

These deals with integrated design and efficient planning of the entire manufacturing system, which is becoming increasingly complex with the emergence of sophisticated, production methods and control systems. Jobs are available in public and private sector manufacturing organizations engaged in implementation, development and management of new production Process, etc.

14.Marine Engineering

Admission for all these courses is through IIT-JEE conducted by IITs. The students will have to appear for the test after 12th and also apply simultaneously to IMS (Indian Maritime Studies). The applications have to be sent during January march every year. The forms could be bought at syndicate bank.
There are also lot of private engineering institutes, which train students for Marine engineering and Merchant Navy.

15.Mech. Engineering

Deals with design, operation and maintenance of machines and their components, mechanisms, machine tools, manufacturing systems and processes, components of thermal power system including internal combustion engines and turbo machinery, solar energy, heat transfer, air conditioning, refrigeration and industrial engineering.

16.Metallurgical Engineering

 Opportunities exist in steel plants for extracting and processing of nonferrous metals and metallurgical industries such as foundries, heat treatment shops, rolling mills, etc.

17.Mining Engineering

This deals with planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of mines, their safety and excavation and transport of minerals. Both the private and public sectors of the mining industry offer a wide range of opportunities to mining engineers. 

18.Physics Engineering

This deals with theoretical and experimental aspects of modern physics, with an orientation towards some of the skills useful in technological applications. In addition to several core courses in phy, special topics are covered by electives such as solid sate electronics, cryogenics, material science, laser technology and applied nuclear science.

19.Textile Technology

A textile technology is primarily concerned with textile fibres and their transformation into yarns and fabrics. 
Three options (a) Textile Technology     (b) Textile Engineering,     (c) Textile Chem, are available. Jobs are available in the public and private sectors in the textile industry.

5 Yr Master of Engineering Management (MEM) Programme

The five-year integrated Master of Engineering Management (MEM) programme is aimed at producting engineering managers who possess wholistic understanding of the technological and management process and the associated problems. The MEM Programme is open for all who join B.Tech. Programmes at IIT Kanpur.


Courtesy:ugc.ac.in